Prostate is a small walnut shaped gland that lies just below the bladder and ahead of the rectum. It is a part of the male reproductive system. The gland produces a seminal fluid that is a part of the sperm. The cancer in this region are most common in older men, especially in the US where 1 out of every 6 men has the probability. While some prostate cancers are slow, there are aggressive ones too, that can spread quickly to the other parts of the body.
Earlier stages if this form of cancer are generally asymptomatic. However, as the cancer grows, it can create serious health complications related to urination and sexual intercourse, and even death.
Fact is, the causes of prostate cancer has not been accurately explained. However, some experts have adjudged that obesity, family history, age, and diet can be the primary causative factors for developing a carcinoma of the prostate.
Signs and Symptoms
As mentioned earlier, prostate cancer in its beginning stages barely causes any significant health problems. It is only when the cancer grows or reaches its final stages, the symptoms become more visible and distinctive. Following are the indications of a prostate cancer:
- Weak flow of urine
- Nocturia (frequent urination, especially at night)
- Trouble starting or maintaining the steady flow of urine.
- Difficulty in emptying the bladder
- Hematuria (presence of blood in urine)
- Dysuria (pain or burning sensation while urinating)
- Difficulty in achieving erection
- Painful ejaculation
There are also other diseases that might show the same symptoms as the ones of prostate cancer. To detect the type of diseases, you have to go for the respective test and examinations.
During the initial stages when the cancer is confined to the gland itself, the chances of a successful treatment are higher. For later stages, there are a number of treatment methods, but deciding on the kind you would like to have is the vital question. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, cryotherapy, etc., are some of the standard treatments that can be used.
At Cancer Therapies, we provide Sonophotodynamic Therapy to treat final stage prostate cancers. A combination of ultrasound and light waves to activate the sensitizers concentrated in tumor are directed to destroy the malignant cancer cells. This non-invasive procedure is a breakthrough in itself and has very minimal or zero side-effect